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Trier-5 things to do and see

Trier is a city in the German state of Rhineland Palatinate and. Located on the River Moselle, near the border with France and Luxembourg. The city has over 100,000 inhabitants. Trier was founded in the 16th BC., Which is the oldest city in Germany. It is also the oldest seat of the bishop north of the Alps.

1. Porta Nigra

Porta Nigra

According to medieval legend, city had Assyrian prince, centuries before the ancient Romans. His father was Ninus, king of Assyria. After many wanderings, group of colonists came to Germany and settled in what would become Trier. After his death, the people of Trier as his body was cremated on the bank of Petrisberg. The Roman Empire conquered people Trever in the first century. Porta Nigra is the largest and best preserved ancient Roman city gate in the world. It was built around 1860. It is on UNESCO list of World Heritage sites. This door is thirty meters high. Square stones has a weight of up to 6 tons, and Romans cut it extremely precise with bronze saws. It was erected on wooden railing. The door was part of the church until 1804.

3. Constantine's basilica

Constantine's basilica

Constantine's basilica was built by the emperor Constantine at the beginning of the 4th century. Today it is a UNESCO world heritage and its greatest ancient hall that still stands. It has a length of almost seventy meters. Originally it was not detached building, but had many fewer merged buildings like the porch, lobby etc. It was used as a residence of bishops. In the 17th century, the archbishop Lothar von Metternich made his palace next to the basilica, which was largely rebuilt.

5. Roman Bridge

Roman Bridge

Roman Bridge is located on the River Mosel and it is the oldest bridge in Germany. Together with other monuments in Trier, it is inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in Europe. The oldest wooden bridge replaced stone bridge. Today's Roman stone bridge is on pillars. It is constructed of blocks of basalt and limestone. In the Middle Ages it was demolished and only its stone arches survived.

2. Kaiserthermen


The royal baths or Kaiserthermen in the German city of Trier are Roman baths built in the early fourth century, during the reign of Constantine the Great. It is located near the Museum of the Rhineland. They were the third largest spas in the Roman Empire, and the remains of walls and foundations still show the original design. There are also hot spring, cold bath and a large arena for exercise.

4. Barbarathermen


Barbarathermen are one of the Roman thermal baths in the German city of Trier. Since 1996, together with other monuments, a UNESCO world heritage site. Spas are built in the second century, and then the main building was probably a size of 42,500 square meters. Although it was not among the largest cities of the Empire, Trier still had more baths, and Barbara Baths is 150 years old. Today, one of them survives parts such as underground passages and tubes that were used for heating.

Trier is true historical place for everyone who is interested in ancient times and medieval research.

Related content: Map of Trier